What You Should Know About Labor Law

What is Labor Law?

Most people know that there are laws regarding work, but wondering “what is labor law?” is common. No matter where you work, you have most likely seen labor law posters hanging up around employee related areas. While these posters give some information, there is much more for you to know about labor law.

Employment and Labor Law

Labor law, also known as employment law, references the laws, rulings and precedents that pertain to the legal rights of employees or employee organizations. In most cases, labor law addresses the relationship between the employer, the employee and the employee union. Labor laws are mandated by government employees, but employers are responsible for adhering to the laws. Labor law varies greatly from place to place, but in most cases there are general laws or rules that all employers must follow.

Child Labor Law

There are special child labor laws that apply to minors. Minors are generally persons under the age of 18, and labor laws can typically apply to children as young 14. Children under a certain age can only work a certain number of hours during the school year. In addition to that, children often have mandated breaks. The term “children” is a bit misleading, as the laws typically apply to 14- to 16-year-old people. Still, these laws are made to protect minors and ensure they are not overworked or distracted from the education.

Contract Employee Labor Law

Contract employees are employees that work for an employer for a specific period of time under certain conditions. Both the employer and the employee sign a contract stating the terms of the employment. These laws may be different than other general labor laws, and some contract employees have less rights than regular law. Since contracts vary according to the employer, the laws may also vary. Despite adhering to different laws and terms, contract employees still have many rights that protect them during their work.

Overall, labor law is created to protect and aid both the employer and the employee. These laws protect employers from violations and lawsuits, and they protect employees’ rights to fair treatment and pay.


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